Marc by Marc Jacobs s/s 2015

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I really have to take issue with this: “the Western portion of the world, Westeros - the rich and civilized portion.” This isn’t true.

1. Westeros is poorer and less economically developed than Essos. It’s far less urbanized than Essos. It’s an exporter primarily of natural resources and can’t produce the advanced manufactured goods it imports from the Free Cities. Its financial system is really quite crude, especially in comparison to the large banks and insurance companies of Braavos. It has very few roads and none of them Valyrian; main thoroughfares like the Kingsroad don’t have bridges over major rivers but use fords instead; it lacks internal canals to connect major river systems.

2. Westeros is less politically developed. It’s only been politically unified for 300 years, and even that weak feudal state is extremely shaky and may not survive. Essos has had continent-spanning empires that lasted for thousands of years. It has much more diversity of political systems - republics with separation of powers and political parties, merchant oligarchies, elected tyrants, etc.

3. Westeros is considered less culturally developed. Essosi call Westerosi unwashed barbarians, referring to them by the inaccurate title of “Andals.” (reminds me of the way Americans and Europeans labeled various nationalities by incorrect names because they didn’t speak the language) The Essosi of the Free Cities are the blood of Old Valyria; the Ghiscari have their empire, the Dothraki have their prophecies of manifest destiny, and the Qartheen are the pureblooded descendants of the greatest city that ever was or ever will be. Westerosi nobles are sent to the Free Cities to get culturally enriched, not the other way around. In terms of cultural production, most mummers are imported from Essos, as Westeros has no tradition of theater.

When engaging with ASOIAF, you have to analyze the world of Planetos as it is, rather than automatically applying heuristics based on our own world. Assuming that west = rich, civilized, and east = the Other (because that’s how it’s been presented in the past) is falling into the same essentialist trap that Edward Said and others are critiquing.

racefortheironthrone, discussing how Westeros is not culturally superior to Essos (via racefortheironthrone)

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Incredible crocheted food by Hipota

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Wifey <3

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j.w. anderson spring/summer 15 backstage | photograhy by piczo




(Source: paintraincomic.com, via stinabing)

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No. 21 RTW Spring 2015

Alessandro Dell’Acqua stuck to his tried-and-tested formula of simple, practical clothes rendered exceptional through lavish embellishment. For More

For all RTW Spring 2015


"i’m not a feminist because i don’t hate men"


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MAC Viva Glam Rihanna 2 lipstick and lipglass. They look soooooo pretty in person.

Perfect ingredients for a metallic robot lip lol. They look so badass on.

(Source: paisley-and-daisies)